Healthy Pregnancy – To Deliver Healthy Babies

Pregnancy health of the mother is the prime concern of every physician, as the health of the baby depends entirely on the mother. Diet and nutrition create health. Pregnancy is a condition where the pregnant women constantly feel hungry for food. Your intake will decide whether your baby will be healthy or underweight. Informative women start taking healthy meals even before pregnancy, which results in healthy pregnancy. Healthy women deliver healthy babies.

Pregnant women should start eating healthy food and maintain a strict regimen of exercise to remain healthy, as soon as they have decided to have a baby. Weight control gains significance here as you start eating food rich in fat and protein. The more you will eat the more you will gain in weight if you do not follow a strict routine of exercise. Keeping a strict routine becomes difficult for people with a history of some disease like diabetes, or women on medication. It is important to understand that you should adhere to the advice of your doctor on these issues, and try to recover fully before you take the plunge for pregnancy.

When you begin the journey of motherhood, you are entrusted with the job of developing the mind and body of the baby. In order to have a healthy pregnancy, the mother should stop taking contraceptive pills a few months before pregnancy. The hormones of the body take at least three months to become normal and allow you to conceive a healthy fetus.

Here Are Some Tips To Have A Healthy Body

Begin your day with four glasses of water and continue drinking water throughout the day. Take as many juices as you can like orange juice, apple juice, carrot juice, pomegranate juice and more. Add shakes to your diet as well. Mango shakes, strawberry shakes and more. The idea is to keep enough liquid in your body and never be hypoglycemic. In juices and shakes, you also provide your body with important minerals like calcium, iron, manganese, riboflavin, Vitamin C and Vitamin B. Learn from women’s magazines and TV shows, about the essential ingredients of a healthy and nutritious diet. Do consult your doctor for advice on nutrition as well. During the first trimester of your pregnancy, when you experience morning sickness and constipation, your diet becomes very low. Do not be careless on any account and continue having good nutritious food like almonds, cashew nuts and dry fruits to keep up your energy level.

Keep Your Body Active

Do not undermine the importance of proper sleep during the course of a healthy pregnancy. Sleep as much as you can. When you get up, eat a good nutritious meal and go to sleep again. Do short stretches of morning and evening walks to remain active. Keep in touch with your consultant to monitor your pregnancy health. Do not hesitate to ask questions whenever you are confused. Keep your mind free from tension. Do some meditation if possible.

Try to laugh as much as you can and do not keep any bitterness in your mind about anybody or anything. If you remain cheerful the baby inside you also remains happy, and happiness is good for growth of baby and healthy pregnancy. Try to wear loosely fit clothes as your body is growing day by day. Also, wear smart and comfortable clothes and keep yourself and your surroundings neat and clean.

Pregnancy and Teeth – What You Should Really Know

While for most of us, oral health is limited to daily brushing and flossing and visiting the dentist every six months, there are some people with special health considerations that have an influence on their oral and dental health. There can be no doubt that lifestyle and genetics play a big part in determining whether or not you have strong, white and attractive teeth. However, should you contract a disease like diabetes, or should you fall pregnant, your oral health may be affected quite severely.

It is important to remember that your oral health is a reflection of your state of health in general. HIV/AIDS, excessive stress, smoking, cancer, diabetes, and even certain kinds of medicines may have an effect on your teeth. For this reason, you need to ensure that you are living a healthy lifestyle and that your doctor and dentist are always fully informed about changes in your state of health. In particular, should find yourself the victim of a serious condition; consult your dentist as soon as possible, to find out whether there are any considerations to take into account for the benefit of your oral health. Pregnancy can affect the state of your teeth quite substantially, so visit your dentist regularly.

Pregnancy causes a wide variety of changes in every woman’s body, and these often have a considerable effect on her mouth and teeth. There is an old wives’ tale that one loses a tooth with each pregnancy, and while women will certainly notice a difference in their oral health during and after their pregnancy, there are a number of steps they can take to minimize the risk and ensure their teeth stay as healthy as possible. The first factor influencing oral health is the change in a woman’s hormonal profile, which not only gives rise to the mood changes associated with pregnant women, but also leads to inflamed gums.

This inflammation causes the gums to swell, which makes cleaning teeth, and the important junction between the crowns and gums, more difficult. As a result, many women end up with pregnancy gingivitis, gum disease caused by pregnancy. Gingivitis tends to occur more often during the second trimester of pregnancy. This is because estrogens levels rise, increasing blood flow to all the body’s tissues. As a result, when cleaning their teeth, pregnancy women often notice that gums start to bleed. This is not a sign that the gums have been injured. Rather, it is an indication that extra care must be taken to ensure that brushing and flossing are as efficient as possible.

Will Pregnancy Be Safe With My Medical Condition?

Pregnancy can be a worrying at the best of times, but if you also have a chronic illness or medical complaint it can be even more so.

Long-term conditions including diabetes, depression and mental health problems, rheumatoid arthritis and epilepsy, often need medication, which may or may not be safe for your baby. This is why it’s so important to see a health professional as soon as possible – ideally before you conceive when you’re planning your pregnancy to discuss the implications of pregnancy for your medical condition. Medical conditions may also affect your pregnancy – for instance having poorly controlled blood sugar can result in you having a large baby.

The good news is that obstetrics specialists can offer highly personalised care for you and your baby with more check-ups and ultrasound scans if needed to check your baby’s growth and development.

If you have a medical condition your GP or midwife will usually refer you for specialist care by an obstetrician and they’ll keep a close eye on you and tell about what medication is safe to take in pregnancy or best avoided. Don’t be alarmed by this – instead be reassured that the likelihood is you’ll still have a healthy pregnancy and baby – they’re just making sure any risks posed by your condition are minimised.

Pregnancy and diabetes

Diabetes is the medical name for when your blood sugar (glucose) is too high. The best way to make sure you have a healthy pregnancy is to get your blood sugar under control before you become pregnant. Experts say you should aim for an HbAlc test score of 6.5 per cent or less.

There are various types of diabetes including:

• Type I: This is where the body stops producing a hormone called insulin which helps regulate blood sugar. It usually begins in childhood and those affected need insulin injections or insulin via a wearable pump.

• Type 2: Caused by your body not producing enough insulin, type 2 diabetes is usually lifestyle-related to obesity. It can be controlled with lifestyle changes and tablets to lower blood sugar.

• Gestational diabetes: This is a specific type of diabetes that develops in pregnancy, in the second or third trimester and is usually detected by a blood sugar test in the 24 – 28 week window. It happens when pregnancy hormones disrupt the production of insulin.

If you have any of the above and your blood sugar is not controlled, there’s a risk you could have a very large baby and need a caesarean delivery. That’s why you’ll be offered more frequent check-ups and blood and urine tests and ultrasound scans to check your baby is not growing too big. Don’t worry too much though – pregnant women with diabetes do have health pregnancies and babies.

Pregnant women with diabetes are also advised to take a higher dose of folic acid supplements, 5mg a day as opposed to the 400mcg recommended by the Department of Health.

Epilepsy and Pregnancy

Epilepsy is the medical name for an intense burst of electrical activity in the brain and can cause disruption to the normal function of the brain or seizures. It affects 600,000 people in the UK and many take anti-seizure drugs to prevent attacks.

Ideally, you should discuss your care with a neurologist before you become pregnant as some types of anti-epileptic drugs do carry a risk of birth defects and you may need to change your tablets before you conceive. You may also be advised to take a higher dose of folic acid of 5mg a day.

However, if you become pregnant while taking epilepsy medication don’t stop taking your tablets without seeing a doctor first. Stopping you medication suddenly could result in an increased numbers of seizures. See your GP as soon as possible and they can recommend you about what to do.

If your seizures are well controlled you may not need specialist care, but if your seizures become more frequent or severe in pregnancy you may need to be under the care of a neurologist and an obstetrician.

Mental health problems in pregnancy

If you are on medication for a mental health condition such as depression do not stop taking your medication without discussing it with your doctor first. Abrupt discontinuation can worsen your condition. Talk through your options with your doctors; although antidepressants are not usually recommended in pregnancy they can be prescribed if the benefits outweigh the risks.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition where the bodies own antibodies attack the lining of joints causing swelling, pain, inflammation and joint damage.

Seventy five per cent of women with RA report their symptoms actually improve and go into temporary remission during pregnancy though, usually in the second trimester. Symptoms usually return about six weeks after giving birth.

Talk to your specialist before you plan to become pregnant though as there are some drugs you may need to stop as they can affect fertility. Many RA drugs are considered safe in pregnancy so discuss the risks and benefits with your consultant.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in pregnancy

MS is a neurological condition, which affects 100,000 people in the UK. It affects three times as many women as men and is commonly diagnosed between the 20 to 40 age groups.

Women with MS can have healthy babies and pregnancies but there are some drugs they may need to discontinue before they try for a baby, so they should discuss this with their neurologist. The usual advice is to wait three months before trying to conceive.